According to Dr. Hung of the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, the best method to take care of your children's eyes is to have them examined by an eye doctor regularly.
Children should receive a comprehensive eye examination at least once every year. The visual examination should be performed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist who is experienced in examining young children.
Some eye doctors prefer to use new techniques during the examination, such as tonometry and tear tests. These extra tests will help determine whether your child is experiencing any changes with his or her vision.
What are some common health conditions that may affect children’s eyes?
Some common health conditions that may affect children's eyes include: infantile glaucoma, congenital cataracts, and amblyopia (lazy eye).
What are the symptoms associated with some common health conditions that may affect children’s eyes?
The symptoms associated with some common health conditions affecting children's eyes include: increased pressure in the eyeball (glaucoma), clouding of the lens (cataract), and double vision (amblyopia).
What are some common treatments for some common health conditions that may affect children’s eyes?
The treatment for some common health conditions affecting children's eyes include: eye drops for glaucoma, glasses and/or contact lenses for cataracts, and patching the "good" eye to force the "lazy" eye to work harder.
What are some tips to help your child avoid eye infections?
The following are some tips to help your child avoid eye infections:
Wash your hands before touching your child's eyes.
Do not kiss, rub, or scratch your child's eyes.
Do not share towels, washcloths, or hairbrushes with your children.
Always use a clean tissue or toilet paper when wiping away tears from the eye area. Never use saliva because this can spread the infection.
Do not share eye makeup with your children. If your child gets something in his or her eye, wash the eye with cool water as soon as possible.
What are some tips to protect your child’s eyes from the sun?
The following are some tips to protect your child's eyes from the sun:
Encourage your child to wear sunglasses that block out 99-100% of UVA and UVB light.
Do not allow your child to sleep in the car with the windows up during hot summer days.
Use a hat that shades the eyes.
What are some tips to help your child avoid eye injuries?
The following are some tips to help your child avoid eye injuries:
Wear protective eyewear when playing sports.
Do not hit or poke your child in the eye.
Teach your child to avoid rough play, such as pushing and shoving, and play fighting. Do not allow your child to play with toys that shoot projectiles. They can poke the eye or cause trauma.
Do not allow your child to handle a BB gun, pellet gun, paintball gun, airsoft gun, or any kind of weapon that shoots projectiles unless he/she is supervised by an adult. Do not let your child play with fireworks. They are dangerous and can cause blindness.
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