There are a lot of different learning styles. The following are the three main types of learning preferences:
The visual learner learns best when information is presented as pictures or graphs (i.e., chemical formulas). The visual learner remembers what he/she sees better than what he/she hears or reads.
Examples include a diagram depicting the parts of the heart or an organ donor card that displays a picture of a human body with red ink representing all the organs that can be donated after someone has passed away.
The tactile learner prefers hands-on activities over those that involve reading or listening alone. This type of learner may enjoy making models using clay or getting dirty while doing gardening work in order to learn about plants and flowers.
The kinesthetic learner learns best through physical movement and activity such as running, dancing, woodworking, yoga, etc.. He/she remembers best what his/her body feels like when doing certain actions (i.e., how it feels when your heart rate increases during exercise).
For example, if you want someone who learns kinesthetically to remember how your heart rate changes during exercise. Then you should ask them to walk around while explaining this concept. Rather than just telling them verbally without demonstrating it in some way first.
The preferred learning style that has been the most effective in the classroom is a combination of both auditory and visual learning styles. When information is presented both visually and orally then this is known as a multimodal presentation.
The combination of both methods of learning has shown to be the most effective in student learning because it engages both hemispheres of the brain which increases the amount of information retained.
This is likely due to the fact that the brain is able to process the information in two different ways which causes them to more easily recall the information later on.
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